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Les reconfigurations de la relation carcérale. Sociologie des espaces de communication entre prisonnier·e·s et autorités pénitentiaires

Abstract : This research focuses on one of the transformations affecting contemporary French prisons: the opening and renewal of communication spaces between prisoners and prison authorities. The possibility for prisoners to express requests and to engage in legal remedies has become part of prison formal functioning. This change resulted from the introduction of new norms regulating prison life, the emergence of new institutions to enforce them, as well as the implementation of standardized procedures and the promotion of new security doctrines. To assess this evolution, the research investigates how discourses shape everyday life in prisons, with a focus on their thematic, relational and argumentative capacities. At the same time, it pays specific attention to how formats shape discourses, notably through technical, material and normative constraints. The thesis is organized in four chapters, which are dealing with one specific space of communication: the prison corridors where informal and daily communications between prisoners and supervisors take place, the written requests sent by prisoners to prison officials, the face-to-face audiences where one prisoner and one prison manager discuss prison-related grievances and, finally, the disciplinary hearings where communications are polarized by the almost inevitability of punishment. By adopting a bottom-up perspective, analyzing these communicational spaces makes it possible to describe a new and hybrid economy of power relations in prison. To do this, the research mainly draws from fieldwork conducted in two French prisons. It combines ethnographic observation of the expression and handling of grievances, interviews with prisoners and professionals, and analysis of bodies of written or oral communications between prisoners and prison officers.
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Contributor : Durand Corentin <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 6, 2020 - 12:01:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - 10:32:03 AM
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Corentin Durand. Les reconfigurations de la relation carcérale. Sociologie des espaces de communication entre prisonnier·e·s et autorités pénitentiaires. Sociologie. EHESS - Paris, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02428875⟩

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