L’énergie électrique au Sénégal de 1887 à 1985 : transfert de technologie, appropriation et enjeu politique d’un patrimoine industriel naissant

Abstract : The electrification of Senegal had already occurred in 1889, in Saint-Louis, at a time when the European cities had yet to discover all the possibilities that this great technological innovation comprised. The industry of electricity thus remained in the hands of metropolitan entrepreneurs until the end of the 1970s. During this period, the technical personnel in charge of its operating were essentially European. It is with the nationalization process launched in the seventies that, for the first time, the term “senegalisation” is coined; and, with it, the process of technology transfers to the local personnel. Electricity de France, in agreement with the State of Senegal, has conducted this task. It nevertheless took close to a century, from 1889 to 1985, for Senegal to fully seize the technology. This thesis analyzes the introduction of techniques since the colonization and both the path of electrification of Senegal, alongside the tools necessary to the transfer of the technology of electrical energy. It further mentions the patrimonial policy, and the stakes of the industrial heritage in a non-industrial country such as Senegal.
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Salif Diedhiou. L’énergie électrique au Sénégal de 1887 à 1985 : transfert de technologie, appropriation et enjeu politique d’un patrimoine industriel naissant. Histoire. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE4039⟩. ⟨tel-02165507⟩

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