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Le cimetière d’Atlit, un espace des morts au pied de Château-Pèlerin (royaume latin de Jérusalem - XIIIe siècle)

Abstract : The Atlit Cemetery on the Israeli coast was situated a few hundred meters from the Château-Pèlerin and near a small town which was built from 1217-1219. It was discovered in 1934 and is exceptional in character. It has more than 1900 tombs spread over an eighty-year period and is thus the largest grouping of tombs that has been preserved from the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was established and used at a time of intense contact between East and West. This is a good place to examine how the Latin Christians—both pilgrims and colonists—buried their dead. Did the living proceed exactly as they did in the West? Were the “model cemetery” and the funeral rites exported and/or adapted? Is it possible to identify any interactions with the customs of the local people? In order to deal with these unresolved questions an international team undertook a wide-ranging interdisciplinary study. Methods developed in Funerary Archaeology and Biological Anthropology were used to analyze the organization of the site, the funerary practices and the identities of the occupants of the graves. By combining field work with the study of the written sources our study of the relationship between the living and the dead allows us to see the Atlit Cemetery today in terms of the occupation of the ground as well as with reference to the spatial markers of memory and Identity.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-02549350
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 1:44:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:13:46 AM

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Yves Gleize, Mathieu Vivas, Simon Dorso, Dominique Castex. Le cimetière d’Atlit, un espace des morts au pied de Château-Pèlerin (royaume latin de Jérusalem - XIIIe siècle). Les vivants et les morts dans les sociétés médiévales, Éditions de la Sorbonne, pp.187-204, 2018, 979-10-351-0092-6. ⟨10.4000/books.psorbonne.53683⟩. ⟨halshs-02549350⟩

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