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Le socialisme culturel et communautaire de Gustav Landauer

Abstract : Within the libertarian tradition, Gustav Landauer, who described himself as "anarchist-socialist" is perhaps the author whose thought seems the more accurate for our times, and this because of some characteristics of his socialism, set out in his Call to Socialism (1911) and which is reflected in this article. First of all, it is a cultural socialism, associated with a cultural critique of capitalist modernity, which denounces not only the state and the exploitation of labor, but also progress, faith in technology and the disappearance of inherited forms of shared life. It is then an anti-Marxist socialism, which rejects necessitarism, teleology and economicism, which refuses to grant the proletariat as such the role of revolutionary subject and which rehabilitates the sphere of consumption at the expense of that of production to think about social transformation. Finally, it is a communitarian socialism, which enhances community forms inherited from the past while advocating the formation of new communities, considered as beginnings, here and now, of the future socialist society. Associated with considerations about voluntary simplicity and the decline of the world, this insistence on social experimentation, which does not give up the revolution, is probably what can continue to make this Call to Socialism a source of inspiration for the present.
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Contributor : Jean-Christophe Angaut <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 13, 2019 - 9:52:28 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:40:20 AM
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Jean-Christophe Angaut. Le socialisme culturel et communautaire de Gustav Landauer. Actuel Marx, Presses Universitaires de France, 2019, 2019/2 (66), pp.99-114. ⟨10.3917/amx.066.0099⟩. ⟨halshs-02285784⟩

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