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Étrangers ou agents de l'étranger ?

Abstract : From 1947, which marked the beginning of the Cold War, some political exiles in France are considered by Intelligence Services as potential “enemies of interior”, spies or agents of subversion. With the establishment of Kominform, these are the foreign communists who are seen as the most dangerous. Due to their number and the political situation in their country of origin, Polish and Spanish were the object of special supervision. It is for example the case of the Polish in industrial Lorraine and of the Spanish in the great Southwest, on the outskirts of the Pyrenees. The polish community is weakened in its structures of sociability by the Union split in 1947 and the policy of Warsaw that is at odds with the West and who wants the mass repatriation of the exiles. As the Spanish diaspora, it divides more and more with the rapprochement between Western Europe and Spain, still governed by Franco. The France fears Moskow more than Madrid. The Spanish “Reds” are isolated, stricken from 1950 by a police crackdown that destroyed their now banned organizations and excludes hundreds of them, expelled or deported. Even a past of resistant is no longer protection. In the next decades, Polish immigration dries and anti-franquistes projects are failing. A new generation of Spanish immigrants took them over. The Cold War continues, but the political exiles are no longer considered as major threat. This important phenomenon, which was one of the early impacts of the Cold War in France, therefore fits in its initial phase.
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Contributor : Valérie Hugonnard <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 18, 2016 - 12:34:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 11, 2020 - 2:56:05 PM
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  • HAL Id : halshs-01257834, version 1



Hélène Chaubin. Étrangers ou agents de l'étranger ?. Sous la direction de Philippe Buton, Olivier Büttner, Michel Hastings. La Guerre froide vue d'en bas, CNRS Editions, p. 73-88, 2014, 9782271078230. ⟨halshs-01257834⟩



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