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Un océan d'incertitudes. Problématisations et mise en forme légale des fonds marins par le travail diplomatique (1960-2016)

Abstract : This thesis analyzes the creation, amendment and continuous mobilization of the Common Heritage of Mankind (CHM) regime through the lens of diplomatic multilateral negotiations in the United Nations (1960-2016). It’s striking that this idealistic principle keeps on emerging in international politics, while its evolution unveils the transformation from an idealistic public international law to a managerial one. This thesis studies diplomatic activity through the sociology of public action. It analyzes the law-transformation phenomenon as a transformation in the manner in which diplomats problematize seabed-related problems and manage uncertainties (technical, economic, political). Through four re-problematizations (security, moral-economic, market-oriented, environmental), diplomats are less oriented by political-diplomatic divisions and more by the role their countries play in the world market. At least three reasons account for this: strengthening of managerial tools in national and international public arenas; the need to “de-state” in the sense of depersonalizing the solutions diplomats bring to the table; and the decline of clear political alignments from the time of the Cold War. A transformation on how the law is written takes place: diplomats no longer decrease uncertainties by the means of a clear political game, capable of producing its own certainties. Henceforth, by producing flexible law, they contend with the uncertain.
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Contributor : Natália Frozel Barros Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, October 2, 2020 - 6:05:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 10:12:57 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02956461, version 1



Natália Frozel Barros. Un océan d'incertitudes. Problématisations et mise en forme légale des fonds marins par le travail diplomatique (1960-2016). Science politique. Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02956461⟩



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