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« L'Assemblée du 21e siècle ». Anthropologie et histoire des infrastructures de communication d'une institution politique d'État

Abstract : This thesis raises the question of the transformation of a state political institution, the French National Assembly, due to the emergence of electrical and digital communication technologies from the end of the 19th century. It suggests that the evolution of the means of communication may have led to the evolution in the way of life of modern States. In this respect, it is part of a political and technical anthropology whose purpose is to describe the change in the social order. In order to verify this proposition, an ethnographic survey was undertaken at the Palais Bourbon in Paris, with the aim of studying parliamentary infrastructure. Work in the archives of the Assembly's administration was carried out in parallel, in order to give historical depth to the observations made in situ. In such an approach, the elected representatives of the Assembly are not considered as the only protagonists of the parliamentary world, but simply a specific category of individuals who constitute it. This task focuses on all the networks of cooperation that enable the legislative power to give concrete expression to the ideal of national sovereignty. Due to the specificity of the data set, five case studies have been carried out, which correspond to chapters of this manuscript. The first depicts the fragmentation of parliamentary space that access control technologies allow. The second chapter details how collaborative work tools can be used to rethink the activity of parliamentary representation. The third presents the reorganization of the parliamentary administration following the creation of the information systems department. The fourth focuses on the media issues that currently revolve around the electronic voting machine in the Chamber. The fifth outlines the Assembly's media strategy to combat anti-parliamentarianism. Finally, while it is clear that today's Assembly no longer resembles the Assembly of yesteryear, it is just as clear that all the developments in its communication infrastructure have been aimed at preserving a number of principles considered to be fundamental to the parliamentary order. From this point of view, the Assembly has been transformed as much as it has remained immutable, which raises questions about the very idea of changing the social order. In this way, this thesis aims to propose both elements for contributing to the reflection on the challenges of the digital revolution, as well as those of the future of representative democracy within the framework of the nation-state.
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Contributor : Jonathan Chibois <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 11, 2020 - 3:18:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 3:10:02 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-02936659, version 1



Jonathan Chibois. « L'Assemblée du 21e siècle ». Anthropologie et histoire des infrastructures de communication d'une institution politique d'État. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. EHESS, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02936659⟩



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