Mouvements sociaux et économie solidaire : penser les interactions à travers l'exemple de la consommation

Abstract : The political dimension of solidarity economy networks is generally discussed interms of relations with the state, neglecting relations with social movements. Our dissertation aims to highlight those links with social movements by showing how the conceptual tools developed for the study of solidarity based initiative can be enhanced by the use of the concepts of sociology of social movements. More precisely, the main purpose is to study the repertoire of interpretations in the case of two solidarity initiatives to show how they have undergone profound renewal due to the interactions with social movements. The conceptual tools used in the sociology of social movements are found to be relevant for the study of solidarity initiatives, and in particular, the concepts of repertoire of interpretations, of collective identity, and of network. We have shown in both of the cases studied that the exchanges of frames or of types of action are common, reinforcing the need for further studies in this direction. The concepts of diagnostic frames and prognostic frames are also useful conceptual tools to understand how a situation perceived as unjust is constructed. They are also relevant for the understanding of the elaboration of the definition of proposals for action. The formation of a collective identity is studied as the result of this process of elaboration of diagnostic frames and prognostic frames. Far from being limited to their economic activities, the two solidarity initiatives studied here develop political activities that only the interactions produced in a specific network can explain. This dissertation focuses on two associations : Artisans du Monde and Associations pour le Maintien de l’Agriculture Paysanne. Both of them conduct economic activities with anobjective of mutual aid. Furthermore, these two associations share a political aim that can be observed through the claims about unjust situations drawn into the public sphere. The dissertation is organized in three parts. The first part highlights the conceptual tools used in the sociology of social movement sociology in order to choose the more relevant ones regarding our study of solidarity initiatives. This part also proposes a theoretical framework. The second and third parts focus on the two associations mentioned above.
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Magali Zimmer. Mouvements sociaux et économie solidaire : penser les interactions à travers l'exemple de la consommation. Sociologie. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016CNAM1071⟩. ⟨tel-02398762⟩

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