Infertilité "normale" vs infertilité "pathologique": une opposition en question. Normes et pratiques françaises de l'AMP face à l'infertilité féminine liée à l'âge.

Abstract : Growth in age-related female infertility in European and North American societies raises demands for assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and leads each society to question its norms and practices. In France, this question reveals the specificity of the bioethics model that frames the techniques of ART, as well as its increasing tensions and contradictions. The particularity of this model is to present itself as strictly "therapeutic" and to rely on the opposition between "normal" infertility and "pathological" infertility. This opposition encourages one another, with a more moral connotation, that distinguishes a legitimate ART and an ART called "personal convenience", legitimizing a social and medical discourse that is particularly conservative and reactive in the face of prospects for the use of medical techniques for the purpose to mitigate female infertility related to age. Based on two surveys, one with ART professionals and the other with women facing age-related infertility, this thesis proposes to understand infertility in a pragmatic approach by adopting a relational approach. It thus reveals that the rules governing access to ART in France and social discourse, based on the opposition between the two types of infertilities, are based on a too narrow, simplified and, in the end, not taking into consideration the view of infertility itself. Our research makes it possible to discover the existence of normative referents not taken into account by this model, which are nevertheless central in the practices of professionals and women. This thesis opens up a more complex approach to infertility that is both biological, but also and always social, relational and temporal.
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Manon Vialle. Infertilité "normale" vs infertilité "pathologique": une opposition en question. Normes et pratiques françaises de l'AMP face à l'infertilité féminine liée à l'âge.. Sociologie. EHESS, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01796327⟩

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