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Une expérience française des Balkans ? : Ruptures d’intelligibilité et mobilisations citoyennes face aux crises roumaine et yougoslaves (1989-1999)

Abstract : This Ph.D. dissertation looks at the perceptions, representations, and questioning generated in France by the upheavals and crises occurring in the Balkan Peninsula between 1989 and 1999, especially by the “humanitarian” crisis in Romania after the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu and the bloody collapse of Yugoslavia. These events created the opportunity for new types of foreign political, military, media, and humanitarian operations, in which France was a major participant. Their observation and treatment produced breakdowns in intelligibility, discernible in the proliferation of pejorative, stereotyped, and structured discourses essentializing the Balkans and their violence, but also in the mobilization, particularly in France, of individuals and associations who saw European causes to defend. The analysis of the temporal and conceptual frameworks of this experience in the 90’s shows that the continuities that have durably influenced the perception and knowledge of the Balkan region, such as a lack of familiarity, militant and ideological filters, and an interest in Balkan folk culture, can be explained by a French past marked by a unitary conception of the State and by a republican and universalistic culture. Using the Balkan crises of the 90’s as a case study, this dissertation examines the national and transnational frameworks within which a discourse on nationhood, ethnicity, and political commitment was being reconstructed in the context of a Europe upended by the fall of Communism. Finally, it examines the relationship between experience and knowledge at a time when these connections were profoundly called into question.
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Anne Madelain. Une expérience française des Balkans ? : Ruptures d’intelligibilité et mobilisations citoyennes face aux crises roumaine et yougoslaves (1989-1999) . Histoire. Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015EHES0119⟩. ⟨tel-01413370⟩

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