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Le symbolisme de la force vitale en Chine ancienne Les modèles et les significations dans l’alchimie taoïste opératoire du début : études centrées sur les pratiques alchimiques du Baopuzi neipian

Abstract : Our study concerns the Baopuzi neipian, one of the main sources on the history of early Chinese alchemy, dating from the early fourth century. Our objective is to understand the first chinese alchemists, their ideas and their practices through the models or symbolic elements related to the mysteries that taoists alchemists discerned in the invisible world. The symbols of the sun attached to the representation of vital force and the symbol of the water attached to the representation of transformation are the main subjects. After having presented at first the taoist cosmological ideas underlying the alchemical practice and the search for immortality which constitute an ethos of Chinese people and have a definite connection with the alchemy, we examine the main features of alchemy in the light of Chinese mythology. In mythological and religious themes belonging to the ancestral level of Chinese culture, we find out some fundamental ideas related to the « living earth » and to the « divine sun », among others. The following study is concerned with the rites in which the alchemist prepare not only the transformation of the substances but also his own transformation. We analyse finally the main substances used in the recipes and the recipes themselves. The aim is to show how each of them contributes to the preparation of the elixir, not only from the technical or the chemical points of view but especially from a symbolic point of view. In our opinion, mercury and lead play the part of mediators in the transformation of substances into an elixir and the heating method has an analogy with the cycle of the sun during the year. In the second part of our work, we analyse about 60 alchemical recipes found in the Baopuzi and in closely related sources. It ends with a glossary of technical terms found in the 60 recipes.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01246069
Contributor : Daeyeol Kim <>
Submitted on : Sunday, January 17, 2016 - 5:57:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 4:26:58 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01246069, version 2

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Daeyeol Kim. Le symbolisme de la force vitale en Chine ancienne Les modèles et les significations dans l’alchimie taoïste opératoire du début : études centrées sur les pratiques alchimiques du Baopuzi neipian. Histoire. Université Paris IV - Paris Sorbonne, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-01246069v2⟩

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