La méthode expérimentale par assignation aléatoire: un instrument de recomposition de l'interaction entre sciences sociales et action publique en France?

Agathe Devaux-Spatarakis 1
1 UMR5116
CED - Centre Émile Durkheim
Abstract : The start of the XXIst century witnessed an unprecedented use of randomized controlled trials to assess public programs across the world. This scientific method has been championed as the most rigorous to assess the impact of public intervention. It has promoted the use of scientific evidence by policy makers through the evidence-based policy movement. Therefore, this method is to be understood as a social institution whose aim is to organize a joint learning between policy actors and scientists. The study of this interaction is the core of this dissertation, which analyzes how stakeholders’ memberships to their respective strategic action fields drive this method's use in France. Through the execution of this method, we observe a range of different institutional sites. They are testimonies of the opposing practices, interests and learning patterns of the actors involved. This dissertation analyses 15 case studies of this method's implementation in France. It reveals the inherent tensions at work in its use on new social programs, and challenges this method's ability to produce a joint learning between policy actors and scientists.
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Agathe Devaux-Spatarakis. La méthode expérimentale par assignation aléatoire: un instrument de recomposition de l'interaction entre sciences sociales et action publique en France?. Science politique. Centre Emile Durkheim – science politique et sociologie comparatives, UMR5116, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01196335⟩

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