Enseignants coloniaux. Madagascar, 1896-1960.

Simon Duteil 1
1 CIRTAI-IDEES - Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en transports et affaires internationales
IDEES - Identités et Différenciation de l'Environnement des Espaces et des Sociétés
Abstract : On the entire Madagascar’s French colonization period, thousands of people work in official colonial education with a "European" status which distinguishes them from the colonized. As agents of the colonial State, these teachers are daily actors of French colonialism. Studying these teachers, from the moment they enter the "Service de l'enseignement" to the one they leave, studying the group's composition, their routes, work and place in the colonial society enables to tackle colonial situation under a new point of view, taking account of the complexities and the internal differences within the colonizer's group. This history applies not only to the precise territory of Madagascar, it also clarify some aspects of teachers' social history in the metropole. A thematic approach was used in order to bring to light convergence and rupture points which belongs to the studied phenomena along with chronological approaches in order to analyse precise evolutions, in particular for the perception of colonialism and "civilizing mission" so as the cases of the state agents who were "made available again" to the metropole. This work highlights discrepancies and common interests of these teachers going from differences in the occupations, status and gender but also from variables used in a prosopographical way, like the duration of the presence in the colony, geographical origins or type of education in which they work (European or indigenous).
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Submitted on : Saturday, January 17, 2015 - 6:15:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01104576, version 1


Simon Duteil. Enseignants coloniaux. Madagascar, 1896-1960.. Histoire. Université du Havre, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01104576⟩



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