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Le péril jaune à la fin du XIXe siècle, fantasme ou inquiétude légitime ?

Abstract : For several years the emergence of China on the global economic scene has been worrying. The spectre of the Yellow Peril is reappearing. In fact this fear began a century ago. At the end of the XIXth century China and the Far East were already worrying. The Yellow Peril seemed to be first a military instability which characterized the Far East. Clashes followed each other imperilling Westerners living in Asia : The Boxer war in 1900 and the Russian/Japanese war in 1905. The Yellow Peril appearred as a demographic danger. The growing presence of the Chinese throughout the world was worrying. Asian communities were characterized by unwillingness to integrate into the countries where they were becoming established. In Europe tension between the communities of European and Asian extractions in the Pacific area was worrying. It was in the economic field that the Far East worried most. The spectacular growth of Japan showed clearly that Asiatics could expand very quickly. China seemed then to be going in the same direction. So in Europe we were worrying about the competition that Chinese and Japanese workers could offer to the Western Workers. Some observers did not believe in this threat. In France deputy Paul d’Estournelles de Constant was fascinated by this subject. He thought that China and Japan were going to compete with some Western industries. He thought that safety of European countries lay in economic and political union. The threat of Yellow Peril appeared to be a highly stimulating challenge to the Western World.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 21, 2011 - 2:47:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:18:02 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00654273, version 1


François Pavé. Le péril jaune à la fin du XIXe siècle, fantasme ou inquiétude légitime ?. Histoire. Université du Maine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LEMA3004⟩. ⟨tel-00654273⟩



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