La langue irlandaise dans les écoles primaire en Irlande de 1831 à 1936 - Stratégies politiques et pédagogiques

Abstract : The object of this thesis is to study the place and the changes which the teaching of Irish in the ¤national schools¤ knew from 1831, the date when they were established, to 1936, when the first survey of the educational strategies of the governments of the Free State was made. Our objective is to determine in what laws and school programs were the reflection of political, social and identical representations of two systems of administration in Ireland: the British administration then the national administration. The national schools, created with the aim of promoting harmony in a multiconfessional educational system and often considered as having been, for the British authorities, the cultural and linguistic tool of assimilation of the Irish young people, granted no place to the language for more than forty years, ignoring the Irish-speaking population. The educational policies were not however questioned by the parents favourable to the ¤useful¤ language but were at the initiative of the language defence organizations such as the Society of Conservation of the Irish language and the Gaelic League. The fight for the revival of the language having been intrinsically bound to the fight for the independence, constituted the ideological basis of the Free State policies, the logic underlying the reforms, being that schools were responsible for the decline of the Irish in the XIXth century and consequently they would be the means to revitalize the vernacular language. This system which was based on nationalist requirements to the detriment of the children instruction was going to be exposed to the criticism
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Submitted on : Monday, March 31, 2008 - 3:26:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00268223, version 1

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Nadine Lamelet- Mac Grath. La langue irlandaise dans les écoles primaire en Irlande de 1831 à 1936 - Stratégies politiques et pédagogiques. Education. Université Rennes 2, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00268223⟩

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