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Journal articles

L'urbanisation subalterne en Inde

Abstract : In India, where a tenth of the world's urban dwellers lives, the urbanisation is not limited to the expansion of very large metropolises such as Mumbai, Delhi, or Bengaluru. Cities with less than 100,000 inhabitants account for 40% of the urban population. Often forgotten, invisible, and neglected by urban policies, these small urban settlements, whose number is constantly growing as localities diversify, are a major characteristic of the territorial transition taking place in India. We put forward the notion of subaltern urbanisation to designate the in-situ character of the urban shifts in a context of structurally weak residential migration towards large cities. Based on a synthesis of about 20 small towns’ ethnographies, we argue for different urban configurations that can be synthesized into 4 types: influenced cities, micropolis, market towns, and ordinary localities. Exchanges between these localities, their linkages with their hinterland, and their insertion in globalised value chains contribute to the formation of new extended urban territories. These urban halos structure a horizontal urbanisation which must be seen as an opportunity in the context of general uncertainty and saturation of metropolises.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 20, 2021 - 1:51:04 PM
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Marie-Hélène Zérah, Eric Denis, Partha Mukhopadhyay. L'urbanisation subalterne en Inde. L'Information géographique, Armand Colin, 2021, Quoi de neuf en géographie urbaine (3)?, 85 (2), pp.37-61. ⟨halshs-03259615⟩



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