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La créance et la dette. Le règlement pratique des litiges dans le commerce informel urbain.

Abstract : Through the analysis of the modalities of dispute settlement at the Grand Marché of Kinshasa, this contribution will examine how - in a general context of informalization of urban society - social actors manipulate the plurality of norms governing their interactions. Indeed, commercial transactions are generally made on credit and agreements are not written. Also the effective rules of their execution are regularly reinvented according to the micro-variations of the overall context of the activity. This situation is particularly conducive to cheating, defections or failures which result in litigation and conflicts. These conflicts highlight the fragility of the normative rules put in place by traders to make cooperation possible. This fragility seems in particular linked to the general process of informalization of this urban society, which makes interpersonal agreements more uncertain and difficult to keep. Indeed, cooperation and market transactions take place in a context of contractual insecurity, and this is conducive to the manipulation of the gaps between the normative rules and the actual rules which are therefore extremely variable. This weakness is also due to its binding nature and its dependence on a control mechanism.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03093655
Contributor : Sylvie Ayimpam <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 8:47:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-03093655, version 1

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Sylvie Ayimpam. La créance et la dette. Le règlement pratique des litiges dans le commerce informel urbain.. Sylvie Ayimpam. Aux marges des règles et des lois. Régulations informelles et normes pratiques, Academia-L'Harmattan, pp.301-315, 2019, Aux marges des règles et des lois. Régulations informelles et normes pratiques en Afrique, 978-2-8061-0466-3. ⟨halshs-03093655⟩

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