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Le rôle du cimetière dans la fabrique urbaine

Sandrine Robert 1, 2
GC (UMR_8504) - Géographie-cités
Abstract : Cemeteries played a special role in the construction of the urban fabric in Middle Ages and modern times. They were extensive, non-closed and located at the early Middle Ages urban wall's gates. Associated with markets and public buildings, they were places of diversification and intensification of the urban frame. At Pontoise (France), a large cemetery with markets and public buildings was located at the gate of the eleventh and twelfth century urban wall. This area was very dynamic before its insertion into the second urban enclosure in the thirteenth century. We find the same configuration in Les Halles in Paris, combining a large parish cemetery (Saints-Innocents) and a market (Les Halles) located at a gate of the tenth and eleventh century urban wall. In this two cases, the cemetery, with its special status, has encouraged the development of urban centralities.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 2:51:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 10:38:02 PM
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Sandrine Robert. Le rôle du cimetière dans la fabrique urbaine. Gaultier M., Dietrich A., Corrochano A. dir. Rencontre autour des paysages du cimetière médiéval et moderne, 60, Publication du GAAF, pp.131-145, 2015, supplément à la Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France. ⟨halshs-03080017⟩



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