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Political conflict, social inequality and electoral cleavages in Central-Eastern Europe, 1990-2018

Abstract : This paper analyses the electoral cleavages in three Central European countries countries-the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland-since the fall of communism until today. In all three countries, the left has seen a prolonged decline in support. On the other hand, the "populist" parties increased their support and recently attained power in each country. We relate this to specific trajectories of post-communist transition. Former communist parties in Hungary and Poland transformed themselves into socialdemocratic parties. These parties' pro-market policies prevented them from establishing themselves predominantly among a lower-income electorate. Meanwhile, the liberal right in the Czech Republic and Poland became representative of both high-income and high-educated voters. This has opened up space for populist parties and influenced their character, assuming more 'nativist' outlook in Poland and Hungary and more 'centrist' in the Czech Republic.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-03047677
Contributor : Caroline Bauer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:09:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:09:09 AM

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Attila Lindner, Filip Novokmet, Thomas Piketty, Tomasz Zawisza. Political conflict, social inequality and electoral cleavages in Central-Eastern Europe, 1990-2018. 2020. ⟨halshs-03047677⟩

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