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Accounting for One Health: insights from the social sciences

Abstract : This paper discusses the relationship between One Health (OH) and the social sciences. Using a comparison between three narratives of the history of OH, it is argued that OH can be studied as a social phenomenon. The narrative of OH by its promoters (folk narratives) emphasizes two dimensions: OH as a renewal of veterinary medicine and OH as an institutional response to global health crises. Narratives from empirical social science work explore similar dimensions, but make them more complex. For political sociology, OH is the result of negotiations between the three international organisations (WHO, OIE and FAO), in a context of a global health crisis, which led to the reconfiguration of their respective mandates and scope of action: OH is a response to an institutional crisis. For the sociology of science, OH testifies to the evolution of the profession and veterinary science, enabling it to position itself as a promoter of interdisciplinarity, in a context of convergence between research and policy. In the Discussion section, I propose an approach to OH as an "epistemic watchword": a concept whose objective is to make several actors work together (watchword), in a particular direction, that of the production of knowledge (epistemic).
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 11:27:36 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 21, 2020 - 3:22:27 AM

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Jérôme Michalon. Accounting for One Health: insights from the social sciences. Parasite, EDP Sciences, 2020, 27 (56), ⟨10.1051/parasite/2020056⟩. ⟨halshs-03001135⟩

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