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Réalisation et perception des gravures rupestres stylisées de l’Adrar des Iforas (Mali)

Abstract : Stylized engravings in the Adrar des Iforas are part of two distinct phases of rock art. The engravers at the origin of the oldest phase were part of a society with a strong cattle breeding tradition while those who succeeded them preferred the breeding of horses and camels. The topographical distribution of certain engravings tends to prove that the formers expressed themselves in solitary. The elementary style of their productions and the little-developed engraving techniques reveal that they did not care to become masters in the art of carving rocks. The mode of structuring the compositions, as well as some representations of hybrid animals, suggest that the aim of their rock art tradition art was to fixe in stone the profound planes of myths that often referred to three animals : cattle, ostrich and giraffe. Parallels are drawn between these data, certain myths specific to the Wodaabe Fulani and a kind of pastoral poetry specific to the Macina Fulani. Horse and camel breeders most often made their engravings on rocks in view from the valleys, located near water points. In a more or less explicit way, their compositions give us the images of activities that until recently were reserved for nobles in Tuareg society. In all likelihood, their authors were palaeoberbers aristocrats, ancestors of the present-day Tuareg.
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Christian Dupuy. Réalisation et perception des gravures rupestres stylisées de l’Adrar des Iforas (Mali). Travaux du Laboratoire d'Anthropologie et de Préhistoire des Pays de la Méditerranée Occidentale, 1990, pp.93-109. ⟨halshs-02662357⟩



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