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Écologies de la signature en science

Abstract : Scientific authorship is generally considered as something similar to the authorship of literature texts: the scientist is the person who formulates an idea, does the work, writes the paper and naturally signs it. Previous studies of scientific authorship endorse this individualistic conception, even in multiple authorship situations: each name listed in an article’s byline is conceived both as a holder of a part of the work and as fully responsible for the entire text. This article examines situations that are characterized by large-scale multiauthorship and specifies different patterns of name ordering. It shows that an individualistic perspective strongly neglects the decisive role of the ecology of work. Authorship is an act associated with specific social, cognitive and material configurations of the scientific practice.
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David Pontille. Écologies de la signature en science. Sociétés & Représentations, Publications de la Sorbonne, 2008, Ce que signer veut dire, pp.135-156. ⟨10.3917/sr.025.0135⟩. ⟨halshs-02546957⟩

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