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La modernisation des chō d’Ōsaka

Abstract : Historians have often emphasised the continued existence, in 20th century Japanese cities, of neighbourhood associations that were apparently the legacy of the chō (street and neighbourhood communities that organised the lives of urban commons in the Edo period). A review of the situation in Ōsaka in the Meiji period suggests that this view must be amended even though the local situation may have been different than in the rest of the country. Indeed, we note that the social and administrative reforms of the new regime, by redrawing the territorial network of the city, and by setting up new decision-making bodies, undermined the ancient communities’ capacity to place restrictions on the lives of inhabitants, as well as the various arrangements that ensured their cohesion. Yet the fading influence of the chō was gradual, and the persistence of forms of sociability amongst the inhabitants of a single spatial area who were active in the institutions created by the political authorities or in local political life, is clear in the emergence of a new urban society.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 24, 2020 - 3:39:34 PM
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Guillaume Carré, Naoki Iida. La modernisation des chō d’Ōsaka. Osaka 1868-1945 : modernités japonaises - Usages politiques de la rue, 2019, pp.35-56. ⟨10.3917/rhu.055.0035⟩. ⟨halshs-02489671⟩



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