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The Illumination of Ritual: Lu Xiujing's reflections on the Retreat

Abstract : Lu Xiujing’s (406-477) exceptional contributions to the history of Taoism have long been recognized, especially in three areas: his reform of the Heavenly Master community, his organization of the first Taoist canon, and his patronage of the recent Lingbao scriptural corpus (ca. AD 400) together with its new, Buddhist-influenced liturgy. A seemingly staunch defender of the early Heavenly Master church, Lu’s views on religious practice in his time embraced not only the new Taoist revelations of the Shangqing and Lingbao scriptures, but also the mounting Chinese enthusiasm for the beliefs and rituals of Mahyna Buddhism. Thanks to the patriarch’s recorded instructions to his disciples and the Taoist community in fifth-century southern China, we are able to form a vivid appreciation of his religious convictions and personality. Lu’s sermons, especially, preserve the intimacy of his private pronouncements prior to performing the Retreat ritual. The present paper, besides offering a synopsis of Lu’s extant oeuvre, will focus on the patriarch’s teachings on the purpose and meaning of the Retreat, the rules for performing it, and the spiritual preparation required of its practitioners.
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Franciscus Verellen. The Illumination of Ritual: Lu Xiujing's reflections on the Retreat. 中國宗教文獻研究國際シンポジウム報告書 Chūgoku shūkyō bunken kenkyū kokusai shinpojiumu hōkokusho Actes du colloque international « Recherches sur la littérature religieuse en Chine », 京都大学人文科学研究所, pp.239-257, 2004. ⟨halshs-02427127⟩



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