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Les malentendus de la technologie

Abstract : The current word technology, by referring directly to technical realities and not to their study, reduces them to the product of applied sciences and undermines their study as social facts by the humanities. On the basis of such criticism, many call for reclaiming the distinction between technical practices, processes and artefacts on the one hand, and technology on the other, in its original sense of a theory of technè. This paper examines these criticisms and questions their willingness to dispel the misunderstandings of technology. It shows that the European concept of technique to which one would like to return is in fact posterior to that of technology; that the paradigmatic role sometimes conferred on Beckmann’s technology is questionable; and that the source of technology’s prime indeterminacy as well as its current over-determination, lies in its irreducible ambivalence between logos of technè and technè of logos. Finally, we argue that there are also good reasons for confusing technical artefacts and technology, as is the case with current usage, which can therefore be justified, but on the condition that it be reinstated in a pluralistic conception of technological modes of existence and of knowledge.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 9, 2019 - 9:17:22 PM
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Sacha Loeve, Timothée Deldicque. Les malentendus de la technologie. Artefact : techniques, histoire et sciences humaines, CNRS éditions, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018, pp.215-254. ⟨10.4000/artefact.2177⟩. ⟨halshs-02013037⟩



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