Why Patients Delay Their First Contact with Health Services After Stroke? A Qualitative Focus Group-Based Study

Abstract : Background Despite national and local French information campaigns, when acute stroke occurs, waiting times before calling mobile emergency medical services (EMS) to receive appropriate treatment (i.e. thrombolysis) and decrease the risk of physical disability, remain long. We aimed to identify the representations of stroke in the general population and to determine barriers to and facilitators for rapidly contacting EMS. Method We conducted a qualitative study among the general population with 10 focus groups, 5 comprising employed people (N = 29) and 5 comprising retirees (N = 32). The themes discussed were general knowledge about stroke and its risk factors, symptoms, appropriate management and the awareness that stroke is an emergency issue. Results In addition to a lack of knowledge about stroke, other barriers to rapidly contacting the EMS were difficulties in recognizing symptoms and understanding that these symptoms constitute an emergency. Furthermore, when faced with stroke, a feeling of inevitability and fatalism about the consequences of a stroke was highlighted. Participants were unaware of the existence of an effective treatment and they mistrusted medical competences. Finally, we found a strong presence and participant appreciation of common knowledge, resulting in the sharing of experiences of stroke. This could partly compensate for the lack of specific knowledge about symptom recognition and appropriate action. Conclusion Information campaigns should not only inform the public about stroke symptoms in order to ensure people act appropriately, but should also focus on increasing public awareness about the fact that an effective treatment exists.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 20, pp.143 - 143. <10.1371/journal.pone.0156933.t003>
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01562512
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Soumis le : samedi 15 juillet 2017 - 11:05:38
Dernière modification le : mardi 25 juillet 2017 - 11:20:37

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Alice Le Bonniec, Julie Haesebaert, Laurent Derex, Sylvie Porthault, Marie Préau, et al.. Why Patients Delay Their First Contact with Health Services After Stroke? A Qualitative Focus Group-Based Study. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 20, pp.143 - 143. <10.1371/journal.pone.0156933.t003>. <halshs-01562512>

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