Quand un concept écologique fait date. L’invention du « complexe pathogène » en géographie

Abstract : Max Sorre promoted human ecology in geography. From his thesis, entitled Les Pyrénées méditerranéennes. Étude de géographie biologique (1913), to his 1943 essay Les fondements biologiques de la géographie humaine. Essai d'une écologie de l'homme, his work focuses on the relationships between human beings and the living environment. During the interwar period, he developed a medical geography within an ecologic approach, conceptualizing « pathogenic complexes » as a description for living interactions resulting in a given disease. The objective of this article is to render the conditions of possibility of these works, in terms of both disciplinary concerns and Sorre’s trajectory. This article studies the ways and means of this human ecology: how does it consider the place of humans in the environment? How does it comprehend the disease? It also discusses the interactions with philosophy (Georges Canguilhem), with biological and medical sciences, and the acculturation processes resulting from their contact.
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Dylan Simon. Quand un concept écologique fait date. L’invention du « complexe pathogène » en géographie. Revue d'histoire des sciences humaines, Publications de la Sorbonne, 2016, pp.253-272. ⟨10.4000/rhsh.1807⟩. ⟨halshs-01342545v2⟩

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