La théologie du « combat spirituel » : Globalisation, autochtonie et politique en milieu pentecôtiste/charismatique

Abstract : The vocabulary and practices of “Spiritual Warfare” began to spread in Evangelical circles at the end of 1980s and the early 1990s, under the influence of American missiologists. It first aimed to struggle against the secularisation of Western societies – especially in big cities – and finally gave birth to a global movement that brought decisive changes in Pentecostals/Charismatics’ relation with territory, cultural identities and politics. Spiritual Warfare contributes to a reterritorialization of the Pentecostal/Charismatic imaginary, especially through Spiritual Mapping practices involving the exploration of space and history in order to identify “spiritual strongholds”, “gates” and “keys” which determine the outcome of this “war of spiritual liberation” of cities and nations. This return of territory goes with a new Charismatic representation of indigeneity, which notably draws on anthropological readings, as the theologians of Spiritual Warfare aim to take “more seriously the worldviews of non-western traditional societies” that deal with territorial spirits (Ediger). This reshaping of the symbolical bound between the individual and the territory results in recognizing indigenous peoples as the “Gate Keepers” of their native territories. Political activism inspired by this Charismatic ideology fights for the establishment of “Christian nations”, a political ideology in which the defense of “indigeneity” (also understood as national identity) and Christian identity tends to contradict the building of pluralist and democratic societies based on the recognition of religious and cultural diversity. Based on fieldwork in Europe, Pacific Islands and Asia, this chapter examines different kinds of Evangelical activism inspired by the theology of Spiritual Warfare, to clarify the issues at stakes relating to this Charismatic globalization.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01291822
Contributor : Yannick Fer <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 24, 2016 - 2:10:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 18, 2019 - 1:34:18 AM
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Yannick Fer. La théologie du « combat spirituel » : Globalisation, autochtonie et politique en milieu pentecôtiste/charismatique. Patrick Michel et Jesus Garcia-Ruiz. Néo-pentecôtismes, Labex Tepsis, pp.52-64, 2016. ⟨halshs-01291822⟩

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