Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Manaus: Legacy of a Free Trade Zone?

Abstract : This study contributes to the literature on the social impacts of Special Economic Zones by analyzing the dynamics of poverty and inequality in the Brazilian state of Amazonas, where the Free Trade Zone of Manaus (FTZM) is located. Using census data, micro-decompositions and counterfactual simulations, we show that if labor income was a major driver of poverty and inequality declines for the municipality of Manaus in the 2000-2010 decade, non-labor income was far more important in the rest of the state of Amazonas. Our contrasting results illustrate both the benefits and limitations of the influence of the FTZM. A better targeting of both social policies and training programs could improve distributional outcomes in the whole area.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
G-MonD Working Paper n°43. 2015
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01245394
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Soumis le : jeudi 17 décembre 2015 - 10:34:21
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 septembre 2016 - 16:02:05
Document(s) archivé(s) le : samedi 29 avril 2017 - 17:49:50

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Marta Castilho, Marta Menéndez, Aude Sztulman. Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Manaus: Legacy of a Free Trade Zone?. G-MonD Working Paper n°43. 2015. <halshs-01245394>

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