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Autisme : nouvelles représentations et controverses

Abstract : The autism controversies reflect the diverse representations that have changed over time. The changes in the classifications of mental diseases and the parents’ associations favoured the widening of the diagnostic criteria for autism. The rare and severe disease became a common disability with a genetic aetiology involving an atypical development of the brain. The parents’ associations play a crucial role in the changes in the diagnostic practices and the care services for autism, as well as the focus on genetic and neuroscience research. The promotion of the educative and behavioural methods gave the opportunity to behavioural psychologists to develop a lucrative market at the origin of a new feeling of guilt for parents who cannot pay for these services. However, only some of the children respond positively to these methods and long term effects are unknown. Moreover, children who are considered too “deficiency” are pushed aside by the behavioural psychologists. This selection has to be taken into account regarding the hope in magic formula.
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Contributor : Brigitte Chamak <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 26, 2015 - 3:26:52 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 5:50:55 PM


  • HAL Id : halshs-01231676, version 1


Brigitte Chamak. Autisme : nouvelles représentations et controverses. Psychologie Clinique, EDP sciences, 2013, pp.59-67. ⟨halshs-01231676⟩



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