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La vulnérabilité de la ville aux bruits des transports : de la mesure technique aux approches territoriales

Abstract : "According to surveys and opinion polls, as local claims and complaints, transport noise became over the past 30 years as the primary source of environmental dissatisfaction in towns. However, during this period, the policies appear at first glance important, so the efforts devoted of both governments (i.e. laws) and the commercial sector (i.e. standards in building construction, car production...). We show here that one of the reasons certainly the most fundamental of the low productivity measures and policies refers to registers of public action and their methods in decision-making processes. the shift is found primarily in the arsenal that opens very little to the noise effects on people and places. so, it is very little territorialized. Yet, the problem of noise annoyance, as well as broader social sensitivity to increasing soundscapes, now refers mainly to such effects: discomfort, sleep disturbance, impact on property values, socio-demographic dynamics of places exposed... From several empirical researches, we show the reality and propose a categorization of the diversity of such effects. We assume then that the problem of nuisance and pollution involves complexity in urban settings, as to require, in the era of so-called participative governance and sustainable development, other knowledge (more interdisciplinary), other ways of decision making (more concerted), especially during diagnostics (more located, so territorialized). The concept of vulnerability and the concept of territory appear as first keys to think of such additional phenomena, became a recurring problem for governments: well-being."
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00822173
Contributor : Guillaume Faburel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 14, 2013 - 11:21:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 23, 2021 - 1:52:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : halshs-00822173, version 1

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Guillaume Faburel. La vulnérabilité de la ville aux bruits des transports : de la mesure technique aux approches territoriales. Pollution Atmosphérique : climat, santé, société, Le Kremlin Bicêtre : Revue Pollution atmosphérique, 2012, pp.353-366. ⟨halshs-00822173⟩

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