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Autisme et stigmatisation

Abstract : Autism, a heterogeneous syndrome with multiple origins, is defined as a disorder of communication and social interaction. Since the 1990s, the broadening of diagnostic criteria and the mobilisation of associations have changed representations and the degree of stigmatisation attached to individuals diagnosed with autism and their families. Analysis of the consequences of these changes makes it possible to apprehend more efficiently what impact these changes in classification have, and differences from one country to another. With the development in English-speaking countries of the movement for autistic persons' rights, certain adults have adopted the diagnosis as a form of social recognition. For others, however, it is viewed as stigmatisation. The diagnosis can be beneficial, especially when it provides access to assistance and social support, but it can also have damaging effects when it "medicalises" the person's life.
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Contributor : Brigitte Chamak <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 13, 2012 - 10:59:03 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, April 11, 2021 - 3:02:53 AM



Brigitte Chamak. Autisme et stigmatisation. Information Psychiatrique, John Libbey Eurotext, 2011, 87, pp.403-407. ⟨10.1684/ipe.2011.0791⟩. ⟨halshs-00717589⟩



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