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Hérodote et Artémisia d'Halicarnasse, deux métis face à l'ordre des genres athénien

Abstract : The point of view of Herodotus on the Persian Wars does not entirely conform to the Greek-Barbarian polarity which, through the Classical Mediterranean area, organizes individuals and groups hierarchically. Since Herodotus is probably half-blood, from Halicarnassus in Asia Minor, he makes fun describing the provocative Artemisia, tyrant in his own city in 480, during the naval battle of Salamis. Artemisia, another half-blood person, attests a Greek city can be under female power, even at war. The very thoughtful Artemisia betrays her ally but she does it so skilfully that it seems gods are with her. By reading the episode from an ethnically diverse point of view, Herodotus' one, I argue the episode neither confirms nor inverts the Greek-Barbarian polarity; it reveals the resistance of another Greek reality, the reality of a mixed world where women are not always under men's control as they have to be in the Athenian classical construction of gender.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 6, 2012 - 2:31:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 5:19:47 PM
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Violaine Sebillotte Cuchet. Hérodote et Artémisia d'Halicarnasse, deux métis face à l'ordre des genres athénien. Clio. Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés, Belin, 2008, pp.15-33. ⟨halshs-00685652⟩



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