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Funeral Meal and Anthropophagy in Gumelniţa Chalcolithic Civilization in the North-western Black Sea area

Abstract : The Gumelnitsa chalcolithic civilization appeared at the beginning of V millennium BC in border of Black Sea between the Danube and the Dniepr, is known for the wealth of its domestic religious figurines. It is also characterized by a dispersal of numerous human, split up rests, with tracks of cuts, harvested as well in the domestic pits as between houses. The hypothesis of anthropophagic practices is the explanation most frequently reserved, but it missed proofs and especially a meaning. The discovery in 1999 of a parietal bone in a domestic pit in Bolgrad archaeological site, situated on the border of Yaplug lake in Ukraine, allows to confirm the hypothesis. Tracks of preparation with the usage of an awl, allow reconstituting the first stages of the rite, that of an anthropophagic funeral meal probably organized around the members of a family. The anatomical knowledge revealed by tracks also allows envisaging the existence of a social caste characterized by a double function of therapist and priest in relation with magic-religious practices.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 28, 2009 - 7:00:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 4:54:58 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, June 7, 2010 - 8:15:07 PM


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  • HAL Id : halshs-00343023, version 1


Anne Dambricourt Malassé, Pavel Dolukhanov, Michel Louis Séfériadès, Leonid Subbotin. Funeral Meal and Anthropophagy in Gumelniţa Chalcolithic Civilization in the North-western Black Sea area. 2008. ⟨halshs-00343023⟩



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