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Guides et médiums au secours des hommes : étude des représentations et des pratiques liées à la maladie et à son traitement dans l'umbanda à Sao Paulo (Brésil)

Abstract : The intention of the thesis is to show how a brazilian religion, umbanda, feels illness and reacts to it. The aim of the research consists then in approaching and questioning the representation linked with illness and the practices its apparition or possible apparition engender in this religious universe, from observations facts and speeches collected thanks to a field work that have taken place, for the main part, in three terreiros (place of umbandist worship) of sao paulo city. The piece of work successively studies some important characteristics of this religion and of the town in which it has been examined, the universe of the terreiros, the umbandist representations of the world, of the person and of illness, etiology, predilection pains and sicknesses of umbanda - illnesses of the mau-olhado ("evil eye"), of the coisa feita ("thing done"), of the encosto ("support"), of mediunidade ("mediumnity"), of guias ("guides"), karmic illnesses - and, to end with, the umbandist course of treatment, its agents and practices. The work is concluded with a reflection on the umbandist representation of the body, a privileged space of resistance and control of disorder.
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Armelle Jacquemot. Guides et médiums au secours des hommes : étude des représentations et des pratiques liées à la maladie et à son traitement dans l'umbanda à Sao Paulo (Brésil). Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université d'Aix-Marseille 1, 1997. Français. ⟨tel-02943787⟩

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