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Theses

L’impact des formes urbaines dans la mise en place des politiques de transition énergétique : une approche par la modélisation

Abstract : Energy sobriety appears to be a central element of the sustainable city in the face of the problem of global warming and the growing difficulties of energy supply. Approximately 50% of the final energy consumed in France is used directly by individuals, i.e. in buildings for heating, lighting or specific electricity needs (29%) and in transportation for daily travel (20%). These two sectors emerge as two major fields of action for significantly reducing overall energy consumption. These consumptions depend on several factors, such as climate, behaviours, technology but also the urban form. This thesis proposes a reflection on the interactions between urban form and individual energy consumption. In order to question these interactions and to shed new light on this issue, we propose (1) to use archetypal cities as study areas and (2) to have a disaggregated modelling approach of the practices generating energy consumption. The first proposal makes it possible to have "standardised" territories, representative of French cities, characterised by varied forms at all the scales considered and fully parameterisable. The second proposal, which places the individual and his living space at the heart of the modelling, allows us to spatialise energy and to combine both the transportation and building sectors. This work is carried out using the daily mobility simulation platform MobiSim-Soft and the residential consumption simulation platform CityEnergyAnalyst (CEA). Finally, the results of this thesis show the interest of the multi-scale archetypal cities method combined with a disaggregated modelling of practices, allowing us to conduct a systemic and multi-scale analysis of the effects of urban form on energy consumption.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 5:41:12 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 24, 2022 - 3:20:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03676292, version 1

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Maud Haffner. L’impact des formes urbaines dans la mise en place des politiques de transition énergétique : une approche par la modélisation. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. École des Ponts ParisTech, 2022. Français. ⟨NNT : 2022ENPC0011⟩. ⟨tel-03676292⟩

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