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La genèse du racial-féminisme. Race, classe et genre autour de Pia Sophie Rogge-Börner

Abstract : Taking on the extensive debate on intersectionality, this doctoral thesis examines the interlocking of the categories race, class and gender as well as the articulation of feminism, anti-Semitism and racism in the writings of Sophie Rogge-Börner (1878-1955). Firstly, this project exposes the mechanisms of racialization of the power relations between the sexes which were at work in the production of an equivalence between the Nordic “race” and gender equality as well as in the ascribing of a “Jewish” character to patriarchy. The thesis then describes Rogge-Börner’s explanation for the advent of male domination as a result of racial mixing and degeneration and confronts it with her assertion of the constructed character of sexual difference. Furthermore, the project analyses the concrete demands of a discourse which presents female emancipation as a potential limited by racial origin as well as the condition for racial regeneration. The thesis shows that the reference to ahistorical and essentialist categories could be the basis for an egalitarian but non-universalist understanding of feminism. Finally, the project looks at the persistence of these ideas within the New Right.In consciously avoiding a normative definition of feminism, this thesis shows how a political emancipatory movement, on the one hand, produced new exclusions and hierarchies among women and, on the other hand, provided new arguments to the racial and anti-Semitic discourse during the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich. The thesis thus brings to light a specific intricacy of racial and sexual dominance.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 4:00:26 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 3:03:19 AM

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Jennifer Meyer. La genèse du racial-féminisme. Race, classe et genre autour de Pia Sophie Rogge-Börner. Philosophie. Lyon, École normale supérieure, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENSL0931⟩. ⟨tel-03665285⟩



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