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A social identity examination of the attitudes of Muslim and Christian students towards terrorism in Kenya : a case of two public universities

Abstract : The research, made up of an experiment and a survey, was guided by the theory of social representations advanced by Serge Moscovici. The experimental treatment had no effect on any of the factors under study as islamization of terrorism remains a highly salient problematic for all cultural groups, impacting greatly on their perceptions about terrorism, perceived level of risk for terrorism, and preference for counterterrorism measures. The survey showed that both Muslim and Christian participants were devoted to religion although Muslims in Garissa were more actively involved in religious activities than Christians at the same institution. Conversely, Christians in MMUST were more committed to religion than Muslims at this university. Christian participants were more likely than Muslim respondents to perceive terrorism as perpetrated by Muslims, and Christians as the targets of terror attacks. Christians were more likely than Muslims to prefer more drastic counterterrorism measures. The Christians at MMUST were more likely to prefer more drastic counterterrorism measures than those at Garissa University. Garissa university respondents were more likely than MMUST participants to perceive terrorism as perpetrated by Muslims and Christians as the target. However, the Garissa Muslim respondents were less likely than their Christian counterparts to prefer drastic measures against terrorism. Certain correlations were detected between commitment to religion and preference for counterterrorism measures; religious commitment and self-esteem; perception about terrorism and preference for counterterrorism measures and self-esteem and preference for counterterrorism measures. The project highlights the importance of tackling Islamophobia, addressing the perceived reticence of Somali communities and the involvement of communities in security policy-formulation.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03381404
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Submitted on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 4:42:24 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 7, 2021 - 3:34:14 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03381404, version 1

Citation

Joséphine Ochiel. A social identity examination of the attitudes of Muslim and Christian students towards terrorism in Kenya : a case of two public universities. Psychology. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021PA100029⟩. ⟨tel-03381404⟩

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