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Lidia Zinovieva-Annibal : la construction d'un sujet féminin dans la littérature de l'Âge d'argent

Abstract : This research is driven by the following two interrogations: first, how does Lidia Zinovieva-Annibal, a Silver Age female writer, manage to escape the label of ladies’ literature writer as well as relegation to the muse category? Secondly, what form does this embracement of her own freedom take within the theme of the Subject which can be found in her entire works? I derive a first answer by studying the literary field of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and recent research about the author, women writers and the history of ideas. Zinovieva-Annibal’s position as the wife of the symbolist movement figurehead, Viatcheslav Ivanov, was central, albeit subject to influence. Nevertheless, the symbolists’ ambivalent cult of the eternal feminine paves the way for subversion. The representation of the subject is analyzed through exhaustive reading of her works, unfiltered by Ivanov’s thinking, and examined through philosophical writings on identity. For Zinovieva-Annibal, the freedom claimed by solipsism and nihilism is illusory. From her own experience, intensified by Nietzsche’s thinking, she elaborates a vision of the subject that comes close to what psychoanalysis was uncovering at that same time. The life and death drives trump the body and soul division, which cannot account for the subject and his/her freedom, violence and noble aspirations. It is through a return to the beginning of life, by creating the character of a little girl, that Zinovieva-Annibal posits listening to one’s body, sexuality and desires as the foundation of the affirmation of self, echoing contemporary considerations on female writing. My analysis shows that Zinovieva-Annibal doesn’t essentialize a feminine subject, but that, by deconstructing a number of stereotypes and welcoming this freedom within her writing, she renders to the universal subject the dimensions he had been deprived of.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 14, 2021 - 10:16:08 AM
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Françoise Defarges. Lidia Zinovieva-Annibal : la construction d'un sujet féminin dans la littérature de l'Âge d'argent. Littératures. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021INAL0001⟩. ⟨tel-03226167⟩

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