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Katherine Parr, Elizabeth Tyrwhit, Anne Askew : Trois voix de femmes dans la Réforme anglaise : convergences, divergences, influences

Abstract : This thesis examines the role of Queen Katherine Parr (c.1512-1548) and her close female entourage, including the aristocrat Elizabeth Tyrwhit (c.1519-1578) in the establishment of the Reformation. Indeed, Parr, Henry VIII’s last wife, author of two manuals of devotion and the first English queen to see her writings published, surrounded herself with the Protestants of the court. The complex confessional situation at the end of Henry VIII's reign was marked by a return to strict Catholicism, with restrictions on practices, including reading of the Bible. However, a certain number of courtiers already won over to the ideas of the Reformation managed to keep their positions at court. While women had very limited access to the Bible (the 1543 Act for the Advancement of True Religion and for the Abolishment of the contrary forbade them access to the Scriptures, unless they were of very high birth), a young woman, Anne Askew (1521-1546), left the family home and integrated the Protestant networks of London where she preached, which caused her to be condemned for heresy. The conservative faction, knowing she was in contact with the ladies of the court, tortured her during her second interrogation in order to obtain the names of Protestants but she remained silent and was condemned to burn alive in July 1546. The reign of Edward VI allowed Protestantism to establish itself as the official religion, and after the Roman Catholic interlude of Mary I, Elizabeth I re-established Protestantism, which enabled Elizabeth Tyrwhit to freely publish her devotional manual in 1574. This work explores the attitudes of the three women through their testimonies of faith and their influence with their contemporaries and beyond.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03196971
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 13, 2021 - 1:39:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 3:35:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03196971, version 1

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Julie Vanparys-Rotondi. Katherine Parr, Elizabeth Tyrwhit, Anne Askew : Trois voix de femmes dans la Réforme anglaise : convergences, divergences, influences. Histoire. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-03196971⟩

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