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L'expérience du non-recours dans les parcours d'insertion des jeunes peu ou pas diplômés

Benjamin Vial 1, 2
1 Odenore
PACTE - Pacte, Laboratoire de sciences sociales
Abstract : This thesis examines the non-take-up of public aid by young people in France. More specifically, it considers the experience of non-take-up in the integration of young people with few or no qualifications. The thesis is based primarily on fifty interviews with young people who are Not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET). It also draws on numerous works in the sociology of youth and the sociology of life trajectories. It is part of the scientific literature on the non-take-up of social policies and contributes to the analysis of the reception of policies by specific segments of the public. An analysis of the situations of non-take-up experienced by individuals highlights the extent of a lack of concern among young people with few or no qualifications, as regards institutions facilitating integration. Non-concern refers to the fact that individuals do not feel concerned by the rights and services to which they are entitled. This phenomenon is a sign of a lack of information on social rights, and of a lack of interest in institutions promoting integration. It is linked to the institutional regulation of young people's access to information on socio-professional integration schemes. It also reflects the distant and even conflicting relationships that young people develop with the public sector. Some young people with few or no qualifications do nevertheless choose to (re)enrol in an institution supporting integration. Some report having experienced a "trigger" in the course of their life. Others resign themselves to the idea of applying for public assistance because they cannot manage on their own. A sociological analysis of life trajectories reveals three typical pathways back to such institutions: "the desire for another life"; "institutional reaffiliation"; and "back to square one". This typology sheds light on the identity dimension at the heart of the non-take-up experience. It shows the sociological power of age-related social norms in the return to integration institutions. If young people with few or no qualifications return to institutions supporting integration, it is above all because they hope to become adults like everyone else. The difficulties they encounter in gaining access to socio-economic citizenship are a reminder of the limits of the public policies intended for them, and in particular the consequences of the restrictions on access to a minimum income for those under the age of 25. This difficulties experienced in accessing social rights, combined with socio-economic precariousness, could contribute to the rise of conservative values and populist ideas.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 4:48:47 PM
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Benjamin Vial. L'expérience du non-recours dans les parcours d'insertion des jeunes peu ou pas diplômés. Science politique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03110601⟩

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