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La valeur ajoutée de la normalisation : étude du cas Total EP dans l’amont pétrolier

Abstract : Standardization activities are dedicated to the elaboration of rules which are used to prescribe practices through obligations of results (product characteristics) or obligations of means (production processes characteristics). These rules can be elaborated by firms or by industry associations. Our study contributes to answer two economic questions of the oil upstream industry. The first one is the measurement of the added value of the use of industry standards in the elaboration of the firm references documents collections (its technical specifications). The second one is related to the different types of standardizations and the idea that industry standardization is a tool to organize concurrency of the market in the oil industry. Firstly, the use of standards is essential to produce efficiently, safely (without accident) for many years and often essential in order to access natural resources. Secondly the identification of the main sources of standardization benefits, in addition to the conventionalist analyze of quality and of the “mondes de production” help us to identify four productive interfaces for which a mix of standardization (with internal and external standardization) is more adapted. Finally the prevention of risks, and more globally the quality management, is positively impacted by industrial standardization. Nevertheless, the gains observed in our case study cannot be transposed to other case studies because, as the institutionalism theory and the conventionalism theory explain, the interrogation about the benefits of standardization cannot be completely resolved because of the diversity of the type of standards in one side, and the diversity of production situations in the other side.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 2:57:15 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03064681, version 1




Mael Hamberger. La valeur ajoutée de la normalisation : étude du cas Total EP dans l’amont pétrolier. Economies et finances. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAE009⟩. ⟨tel-03064681⟩



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