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Le traitement social des mères célibataires par des associations en Tunisie et au Maroc : mobilisation, compassion et défense de l'ordre moral

Abstract : In Tunisia and Morocco, the social and political turning points since 2011 have given new strength to the associative movement, highlighting social issues that were previously passed over in silence. Thus, "unmarried mothers" become, through associative mobilization, not only an intervention category but also a public problem. However, the State, by refusing to become directly involved to "not encourage deviant behaviors," it by default delegate to these associations the containment of the moral problem of poor women with illegitimate children. The social treatment of non-married mothers, done by these associations with their international connections, take the form of care programs based on maternalism and normativity. In addition, these organizations engage to "reintegrate" women who, without family support, are marginalized from social and legal protection. Using compassionate semantics on vulnerability and need, they aim to win public support in order to create rights and public policies, showing the political intentionality of care. However, these actions reproduce and deepen inequalities along gender, class and status lines. Through a long-term ethnography with child protection organizations and single mothers' support associations, using a socio-historical approach, this thesis tracks the evolution of family law and the processes involved in the transformation of social relations between the sexes in these Maghreb societies. The comparison between the two countries will show the similarities, the differences and the moral as well as the political injunctions of each one with regard to the social treatment of women and children outside marriage.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 5:04:16 PM
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Iris Sechter Funk. Le traitement social des mères célibataires par des associations en Tunisie et au Maroc : mobilisation, compassion et défense de l'ordre moral. Sociologie. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02972913⟩

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