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Theses

« Carte blanche » et « lignes jaunes » : les humoristes d'actualité en travailleurs de la critique

Abstract : This thesis explores how the news humorous critic in the French audiovisual mass media has become a media genre in its own right. The "serious", "invisible" work, made for "visible"ends, sometimes over exposed, of these "news humorists" who are inspired by the tradition of jesters of old, regularly revisits journalistic narratives, and shifting them by "pulling-out"(déboîtement). The crossing of three sociological literatures (media, work and criticism), semi-structured interviews (n = 43) and a substantial media corpus (print media andaudiovisual sequences) allows us to describe the trajectories, statutes, know-how and constituent roles of an artistic and professional experience. Interacting with their two mainsources of inspiration (elected officials and journalists), news humorists are producing a critic that can be reflexive, protestive or reprobative. This specific critic, unveiling method, with implicit and explicit rules, constitutes a "carte blanche" to go as far as possible, despite the risks (pressures, layoffs, lawsuits, etc.), regular polemics, attempts to set "yellow lines" (philosophical, political, journalistic), and controversies with high visibility (the Strauss-Kahn case), all of this weighing more or less on the definition of work standards (censorship, selfcensorship,etc.). The creative imagination of news humorists then fully participates in the process of "critical publicisation" of democracy, and tests its ideal of freedom of expression.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 12:48:15 PM
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Maryline Rudelle. « Carte blanche » et « lignes jaunes » : les humoristes d'actualité en travailleurs de la critique. Sociologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0089⟩. ⟨tel-02965554⟩

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