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La fabrique savante de l'Europe : une archéologie du discours de l'Europe communautaire (1870-1973)

Abstract : This dissertation aims to understand the construction of a new type of political and social discourse: that of the European Economic Community (EEC). This process is taken, on theone hand, to be the invention on the part of political actors and scholars of a vocabulary and conceptual apparatus which made the EEC thinkable. On the other hand, the process is understood as the constitution of specialized disciplines which, by more or less success fully asserting their legitimacy to produce discourse on the EEC as an object, have contributed to rendering certain interpretations obligatory. The dissertation highlights the historical conditions in which actors have contributed to the emergence, circulation and stabilization of such knowledge in two founding member states of the EEC - France and Germany – up to the firstenlargement of the EEC in 1973. Beyond the specific case of European integration, the challenge is to explore the conditions both for political innovation and for the legitimization of a new political object. Making use of several types of historical source, the thesis retraces the careers of two of the definitions widely used to define the EEC up to the present - "supranationality" and the "social market economy". Examination of the uses of these terms makes it possible to identify and investigate politico-academic controversies in which the EEC has been defined as a distinct institutional type (of the nation-state) and as specific mode of government (of the market).In contrast to the hypothesis of a "revolution" in the EEC, the thesis calls for the reinsertion of the invention of the EEC into the longer history of construction of national states and government sciences. Contrary to a genetic interpretation of European integration as a definite project from the 1950s, it reveals the diversity of interpretations and knowledges which were produced and which competed with one another in the early years of the EEC, and identifies the conditions for their unequal success. Finally, the dissertation leads us to qualify the hypothesis of the formation of "common sense" about the EEC, emphasizing the national and disciplinary differences which persist in their interpretations.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 11:05:45 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:29:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02965336, version 1

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Hugo Canihac. La fabrique savante de l'Europe : une archéologie du discours de l'Europe communautaire (1870-1973). Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0617⟩. ⟨tel-02965336⟩

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