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Changements d'échelles dans la régulation politique de l'économie : Les transformations du secteur vitivinicole en Gironde et en Languedoc Roussillon

Abstract : This research aims to understand the conditions that emerged and caused the stabilization and destabilization of the organizational structure of the wine industry, which had first been established in France in the first half of the twentieth century. During this initial period, the State granted to certain wines the “controlled designation of origin” or Appellations d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) – established as a singular model of excellence – the power to control their own regulations, while also placing other categories of wine under its guidance due to the public interest issue of chronic overproduction. However, with the deepening of European integration as of the 1970s, a rescaling of regulatory changes began, including new sectoral policy regulations. Since then, and against all expectations, AOC wines gradually began to compete in price and reputation against those which had once been valued the least. This thesis reveals, on the one hand, the historically strong independence of AOC wines and, on the other hand, the dependence of the others wines vis-à-vis public authorities, set the terms of this upheaval. Gironde and the Languedoc-Roussillon, while administratively different territories, but both structurally dominant on a national level, have been the two most relevant fields of observation. The two conceptions of wine emblematically developed in those two regions have divided the national wine industry. The unions who spearheaded each of the two types of wine also developed asymetrical relations with the authorities. Moreover, the implementation of European Community legislation affected them differently, thus creating a price ‘scissors’ phenomenon. By examining the tensions this caused, this thesis tackles a wider problem. The case of the wine industry thus enable analysis to examine the long term impact of scaled changes with regards to the political regulation of the economy. Through the application of analytical frameworks and tools provided by political science and economic sociology, this example allows to focus on the conditions under which public policy (national and communautaire”) came to destabilize economic behaviour without the results that occurred having been aimed for, or even anticipated.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 5, 2020 - 4:40:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 3:04:10 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-02958210, version 1


Romain Blancaneaux. Changements d'échelles dans la régulation politique de l'économie : Les transformations du secteur vitivinicole en Gironde et en Languedoc Roussillon. Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0457⟩. ⟨tel-02958210⟩



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