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Les incidences biographiques de la ségrégation. Trajectoires et mémoires des enfants des bidonvilles et cités de transit de l'après-guerre en France

Abstract : What has become of children living in slums in Post-War France? Drawing from an investigation based on interviews, observations, archive work and statistics, I analyze in this dissertation the experiences and trajectories of individuals of Algerian, Moroccan and Portuguese descent who grew up in slums in Nanterre and Champigny-sur-Marne slums (Île-de-France region). I explain what it may have meant to live all these years in such a deprived, segregated and stigmatized form of housing and I insist on the diversity of residential experiences and of socialization effects. Indeed, previous slum children have known various trajectories and they don’t interpret this episode in the same way. Four profiles are analyzed: the reproduction of inequalities, the moderate mobilities, the reproduction of isolation, the upward trajectories. Two series of factor explain these differences. First, these families have first been targeted by national and local policies of housing and migration. By categorizing and treating differently slums depending on their inhabitants’ origins and on their location, these public policies have had very important short, mean and long time effects. Second, the trajectories have also been formed by their parents’ pre-migration resources and dispositions and by the relational contexts they evolved in while being in slums.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02948106
Contributor : Margot Delon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 1:44:50 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 3:28:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02948106, version 1

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Margot Delon. Les incidences biographiques de la ségrégation. Trajectoires et mémoires des enfants des bidonvilles et cités de transit de l'après-guerre en France. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. IEP de Paris, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-02948106⟩

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