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La recherche du modèle dans les dialogues du Fayan de Yang Xiong (53 av. J.-C. – 18 apr. J.-C.) : écriture, éthique et réflexion historique à la fin des Han occidentaux.

Abstract : At the end of the Western Han dynasty, Yang Xiong (53 B.C. – A.D. 18) wrote the Fayan by taking as a model the Analects, by Confucius. The attempt, unprecedented at the time, was both a literary challenge and a way to critically synthesize the main scholarly and political trends of his own time. This process of imitation, its originality of which would later form the basis for a broad rejection of Yang Xiong being characterized as an usurper or conservative, constitutes the central point of our study, to show how the imitation was the means of a transformation. The first chapter deals with the situation of Yang Xiong as a scholar from Shu. Several sources illuminate the specific nature of the literary tradition in Shu during the Han period, which helps to better understand the situation of Yang Xiong as an official after his arrival in the capital. The second chapter turns to the Fayan itself, examining its different and complex ways of imitation, and the underlying conception of the text. The third chapter shows that the ethical life, as developed by the Fayan, is conceived as a personal metamorphosis in which Confucius plays a central role as master. However, this remote master, sometimes referred to as holy man, must be proved or tested against a historical reflexion embracing a great number of figures from the pre-imperial period and the Qin and Han empires. This study includes a complete annotated translation of the Fayan. A biographical list of the historical figures, a detailed chronology and an index of editions and commentaries on the Fayan are offered in the appendices.
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Béatrice l'Haridon. La recherche du modèle dans les dialogues du Fayan de Yang Xiong (53 av. J.-C. – 18 apr. J.-C.) : écriture, éthique et réflexion historique à la fin des Han occidentaux.. Etudes classiques. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-02934334⟩

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