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AVOIR DES ENFANTS DANS LES MAUGES AU XIXe SIÈCLE. Comportements démographiques et dynamiques familiales.

Abstract : Fertility and demographic behaviors belong to the intimate sphere. Nevertheless, the cartography of birth rate proves the existence of movement sets through the whole 19th century. Between the discourses of the Church denouncing any control of births and a booming industry whose need of labor stimulated the birth rate of workers, several conceptions compete. In the South-West of Maine et Loire, Les Mauges and their large families focus all these influences. In this deeply Catholic rural society in which agricultural economy was closely linked to industrial textile factory around Cholet, the concept of family and village added to the social control. Between these forces, a curious balance was established. In Les Mauges of the 19th century, what subtle mechanics of fertility regulation encouraged couples to have children in some places and abstain in others? A first approach based on the study of 34000 births recorded in four municipalities of Les Mauges all through the century can provide an initial overview of behaviors in villages. In order to obtain a more accurate picture of the families in Les Mauges and to overcome the limits of villages, it would have been necessary, this time, to retrace the fate of several hundreds of girls from the whole area and thus establish their demographic pathway.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02911044, version 1

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Jean Chevalier. AVOIR DES ENFANTS DANS LES MAUGES AU XIXe SIÈCLE. Comportements démographiques et dynamiques familiales.. Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-02911044⟩

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