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Les relations entre le gouvernement intérimaire rwandais et la communauté internationale (8 avril-18 juillet 1994)

Abstract : An analysis of relations between the interim government of Rwanda and the international community during the genocide of 1994 demonstrates how political, even geopolitical, factors were given priority over strictly judicial and humanitarian considerations by the UN and the third-party states most implicated in this crisis (Belgium, France, the USA). The progressive marginalisation of the interim government on the international scene, at the time when it was soliciting external help to put a stop to the massacres, did not see a reinforcement of staff or of the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), which nonetheless constituted the principal demand of the Rwandan authorities to the Security Council.This disengagement on the part of the international community happened to the detriment of the security and protection of the civil population under threat. At the same time the criminalisation of this government contributed to the endorsement of a military outcome to the conflict ; the outcome desired by the rebellion of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), contravening the Arusha Accords signed in 1993. The presumption of guilt attached to the government camp subsequently had a strong impact on international justice, as the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) had failed in its mission of judging all the perpetrators of crimes committed in 1994, and of favorising national reconciliation, due to its lack of impartiality and independence as much at the level of investigation and prosecution as at the level of the delivery of the judgments and their enactment.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 30, 2020 - 1:02:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 12, 2020 - 11:03:09 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02884582, version 1


Frédérique Mouzer. Les relations entre le gouvernement intérimaire rwandais et la communauté internationale (8 avril-18 juillet 1994). Droit. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMLH23⟩. ⟨tel-02884582⟩



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